Yoga Mudras



Mudras have the capacity to heal our weaknesses and thus bring about complete health. The psycho-neural and psycho-physical effects of hand mudras in yoga are gained by understanding the relationship between the fingers and thumbs to the pancha tatvas (five basic elements). Positioning the fingers and the thumb in a particular manner enables the flow of energy between them in a manner that enhances specific brain and bodily functions.

The thumb corresponds to the source of balancing the flow of agni tatva. The vayu tatva is controlled by the second finger that is the index finger. The role of the middle finger in the mudras is to regulate the akasa tatva in the body. The keys to regulating the earth are
in ring finger and regulation of the jala tatvas lies in the little finger. The harmonious proportion of these elements helps in the natural maintenance of a vigorous body and a happy mind.

Some of the hand mudras taught and practiced in Hatha yoga are to sustain good health and mental calm by balancing the levels and intensities of the pancha tatvas.

There are many mudras of which a few are:

  • Om Mudra
  • Pran
  • Surabhi
  • Varuna
  • Apanvayu
  • Esoteric
  • Dynamic
  • Bramara
  • Bhumspars
  • Ganesh
  • Apan
  • Shunya
  • Ksepana
  • Linga
  • Pushan
  • Vayu
  • Kubera
  • Kubera
  • Garuda
  • Lotus
  • Mushti
  • Abhay
  • Makara
  • Shakti
  • Prihivi
  • Mukula
  • Surya

More details in the next coming post.
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